The General Assembly is the main organ of the United Nations and has representation from every UN member states, it is able to discuss a wide variety of world issues. As a result of the extensive spectrum of topics discussed by the UN, the General Assembly is made up of six different committees. These committees are the Disarmament and International Security (DISEC) committee, the Economics and Financial (ECOFIN) committee, the Social, Humanitarian and Cultural (SOCHUM) committee, the Special Political and Decolonization (SPECPOL) committee, the Administrative and Budgetary committee, and the Legal committee. DISEC, the First Committee of the General Assembly, is one of the most popular GA-style committees in Model United Nations.
Participants in Model United Nations conferences, known as delegates, are placed in committees and assigned countries, or occasionally other organizations or political figures, where they represent members of that body. They are presented with their assignments in advance, along with a topic or topics that their committee will discuss.
Delegates conduct research, before conferences and formulate positions that they will then debate with their fellow delegates in the committee, staying true to the actual position of the member they represent. At the end of a conference, the best-performing delegates in each committee, as well as delegations, are sometimes recognized with awards.
The United Nations Human Rights Council, replacing the former United Nations Human Rights Commission, is an inter-governmental body within the United Nations framework with 47 member-States, and its responsibility is to promote and protect all human rights on a global scale. It was established in 2006 and its Seat is at the UN offices at Geneva, Switzerland. As Ban Ki-moon stated, “all victims of human rights abuses should be able to look to the Human Rights Council as a forum and a springboard for action.”
The Council addresses topics and debates that range from the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and various case-studies on countries such as North Korea and Kyrgyzstan to important thematic issues such as freedom of expression, freedom of belief and religion, women’s rights, LGBT+ rights, and the rights of racial and ethnic minorities.
The UNHRC’s resolutions and reports are documents of high prestige and great validity, and they constitute important arguments in the political dialogue of governments, international organisations and civil society, while they push for the visibility of oppressed people and for the debate on social progress around the world.
From fast-paced conflict resolution to revolutionary policy changes, the Disarmament and International Security Committee(DISEC) lies at the forefront of the United Nations General Assembly. As the first committee of the General Assembly, DISEC addresses conflicts and threats to international peace, and tries to maintain global stability and security. Although its resolutions are non-binding, DISEC’s efforts are highly influential and often lay the groundwork for resolutions in other committees of the United Nations. The vast membership of DISEC makes it an especially important organ for dealing with issues of an international scope.
The Commission on the Status of Women (CSW) is the principal global intergovernmental body exclusively dedicated to the promotion of gender equality and the empowerment of women. A functional commission of the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), it was established by Council resolution 11(II) of 21 June 1946.
The CSW is instrumental in promoting women’s rights, documenting the reality of women’s lives throughout the world, addressing emerging issues, trends, focus areas and new approaches to questions affecting the situation of women, Evaluates progress in implementing agreed conclusions from previous sessions as a review theme and shaping global standards on gender equality and the empowerment of women.
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